The Laguiole knife museum

The Laguiole knife History

 
La Coutellerie de Laguiole has chosen a logo saying "Laguiole de l'Artisan" (the craftsman's knife) inserted inside a bull's silhouette. It prooves the knives authenticity, added to a quality handcraft increase in value.

 
Written as LAGUIOLE , and pronounced as "LAYOLE". The old pronounciation, in occitan, was preserved, this is the reason why one says "LAYOLE".

 

A two centuries hystory...

At the beginning of the 19th century, the local knife was named 'Capujadou'. It was only a fixed and pointed blade inserted in a piece of wood. This is the first version of the Laguiole knife.

1829

The folding Laguiole knife with forced notch is born.
This model is very close to the current version which we all know.
Aubrac is a vast plateau with isulated farms where several families live. The elder ones left to Catalonia for the winter season and worked as sawyers. Some of them returned with a Spanish knife in their pocket : the navaja. The Laguiole knife slender handle and the yatagan shaped blade are inspired from this knife.

1829 - 1880

The local production is ensured by some craftsmen (often blacksmiths) and makes it possible to supply the needs of the peasants of l'Aubrac.

The knife has a very single line. Most of all it is a practical and useful tool. It evolves according to the need of its users.
- the punch appears around 1840. This tool is intended for the breeders.The cows having the paunch which inflates resulting from the fermentation of wet grass. The punch is used to perforate the paunch. The punch was also used like an awl to pierce leather.
Ce trocard était aussi utilisé comme alène afin de trouer les lanières de cuir, .
- the corkscrew was added in 1880 . This accessory was added when "Rouergats" moved to Paris to be coal merchants or bar keepers.

1880 - 1920/30

This period correspond to the height of the fame of the cutlers of Laguiole (workshops with twenty and more workers) who produce quality crafted knives. Calmels and Pagès receive many rewards at the national contests. With the end of the century, in Thiers, industrial processes appear, but Laguiole preserves of any modernization.

1930 - 1987

The fame of the knife having exceeded Aubrac, the demand increases. As the cutlers of the village cannot fullfill the orders (they are not willing to invest in machines), Thiers gradually ensure the whole manufacturing of the Laguiole knife.
A handcraft prestige manufacture is maintained in Laguiole, but on a very weak scale compared with the massive industrial production of Thiers.
La gloire du couteau ayant dépassé le plateau de l'Aubrac, la demande augmente.

1987 - 2004

The local cutlery starts again, initiated by local representatives (mainly by Mr Pierre Malet).
From 1985, assembly workshops appear again.
In 1988, in the Laguiole production zone (northern of Aveyron), two forging mills manufacture the separate parts of the knife. The success is incredible (in 1981, in the village only 2 points of sale remained which resold manufactured knives from Thiers).
From 1997, in the Laguiole production zone, approximately 400 000 Laguiole knifes are manufactured annually.

 

Musée du Couteau de Laguiole - Route d’Aubrac – ZA La Poujade - 12210 Laguiole
France - Tél. : +33(0)5.65.51.23.47 - e-m@il
Version française English Version
The first artisanal knife manufacturer in Laguiole welcomes you with open arms.

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The Laguiole cutlery
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